West Virginia Prompt Payment Guide and FAQs

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West Virginia Prompt Payment Overview

West Virginia Prompt Payment Requirements


  • Private Jobs
  • Public Jobs
  • Top Links
NO
DAYS
Prime Contractors

Not specified in state statutes


NO
DAYS
Subcontractors

Not specified in state statutes


NO
DAYS
Suppliers

Not specified in state statutes


NO
Interest & Fees

Not specified in state statutes

60
DAYS
Prime Contractors

For Prime (General) Contractors, payment due within 60 days after invoice received. Invoice counts as received on the earlier of date stamped as received or date postmarked.


NO
DAYS
Subcontractors

Not specified in state statutes


NO
DAYS
Suppliers

Not specified in state statutes


YES
Interest & Fees

Interest at statutory rate

Prompt payment laws are a set of rules that regulate the acceptable amount of time in which payments must be made to contractors and subs. This is to ensure that everyone on a construction project is paid in a timely fashion. These statutes provide a framework for the timing of payments to ensure cash flow and working capital.

Projects Covered by Prompt Payment in West Virginia

The prompt payment laws in West Virginia only regulate public works projects within the state. These can be found in W. Va. Code 7-5-7, 8-13-22d, and 14-3-1. There are no provisions covering payments on private projects, those will be regulated by the terms of the contract.

Payment Deadlines for Public Projects

The West Virginia prompt payment laws only regulates payment from the public entity to the prime contractor. It states that once a public entity receives a proper request for payment, a check should be issued within 60 days. The request for payment is deemed as received on the postmarked date, or the date the request is stamped as received; whichever is earlier. All other payments on public works projects, will be governed by the contract terms,

Penalties for Late Payment on Public Projects

If any payments to the prime contractor are late or wrongfully withheld, interest will begin to accrue at the current rate, as determined by the state tax commissioner.

West Virginia Prompt Payment Frequently Asked Questions

West Virginia’s prompt payment statutes set forth specific time frames for when general contractors, subcontractors, suppliers, and others involved with a public construction project must be paid. This page provides an overview of these regulations and addresses frequently asked questions related to the West Virginia prompt payment laws.

West Virginia Prompt Payment Private Projects FAQs

Does West Virginia have Prompt Payment on Private Projects?

West Virginia does not provide a prompt payment for private projects.

West Virginia Prompt Payment Public Projects FAQs

Do I have to send a letter or file anything to qualify for Prompt Payment Penalties or Remedies in West Virginia?

In order for the provisions of the West Virginia prompt pay statutes to apply, the party requesting payment must submit a legitimate uncontested invoice. Note that the prompt pay statute only applies to GCs.

Can I include Prompt Payment Fees in my West Virginia Mechanics Liens Claim or Bond Claim?

No. West Virginia doesn’t allow miscellaneous amounts to be included on the face of a bond claim.

If I am paid late according to Prompt Payment Statutes, can I obtain interest or other Penalty Payments?

If interest applies to the specific type of transaction at issue, it begins to accrue immediately upon the failure to make timely payment, with no other specific notice required. Note, however, that if payment is not required due to unforeseen budget constraints, as set forth by statute regarding same, no interest will accrue.

Are there reasons for which payment may be withheld past the general deadline?

West Virginia does not specify particular reasons for which payment may be withheld, other than unforeseen budget constraints as set forth by statute. Accordingly, the reasons for which payments may be withheld is likely governed by the parties’ contract.

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West Virginia Prompt Payment Statutes

Getting informed about prompt payment laws is important. An examination of West Virginia’s prompt payment laws, the rules and regulations related to payment timing, is important to know your rights and responsibilities as a party on a construction project. West Virginia’s specific laws can be found in: W. Va. Code §§7-5-7, 8-13-22d, and 14-3-1, which are reproduced below.

Prompt Payment Statute on Private Projects

Does West Virginia have Prompt Payment Statute on Private Projects?

West Virginia does not address prompt payment for private projects in it’s statutes.

Prompt Payment Statute on Public Projects

7-5-7: Payment of Legitimate Uncontested Invoices; Interest on Late Payments

(a) Any properly registered and qualified vendor who supplies services or commodities to any county, or agency thereof, shall be entitled to prompt payment upon presentation to that county or agency of a legitimate uncontested invoice.

(b)
(1) Except as provided in subdivision (2) of this subsection, for purchases of services or commodities made on or after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-five, a check shall be issued in payment thereof within sixty days after a legitimate uncontested invoice is received by the county or agency receiving the services or commodities. Any check issued after such sixty days shall include interest at the current rate, as determined by the state tax commissioner under the provisions of section seventeen-a, article ten, chapter eleven of this code, which interest shall be calculated from the sixty-first day after the invoice was received by the county or agency until the date on which the check is mailed to the vendor: Provided, That this section shall not apply if payment cannot be made within the sixty-day period because of unforeseen budgetary constraints.

(2) For purposes of this subsection, an invoice shall be deemed to be received by a county, or agency thereof, on the date on which the invoice is marked as received by the county or agency, or the date of the postmark made by the United States postal service as evidenced on the envelope in which the invoice is mailed, whichever is earlier, unless the vendor can provide sufficient evidence that the invoice was received by the county or agency on an earlier date: Provided, That in the event an invoice is received by a county, or agency thereof, prior to the date on which the commodities or services covered by the invoice are delivered and accepted or fully performed and accepted, the invoice shall be deemed to be received on the date on which the commodities or services covered by the invoice were actually delivered and accepted or fully performed and accepted.

(c) The sheriff shall deduct the amount of any interest due for late payment of an invoice from any appropriate account of the agency responsible for the late payment: Provided, That if two or more agencies are responsible for the late payment, the sheriff shall deduct the amount of interest due on a pro rata basis.

(d) The county or agency initially receiving a legitimate uncontested invoice shall process the invoice for payment within ten days from its receipt. Failure to comply with the requirements of this subsection shall render the county or agency liable for payment of the interest mandated by this section when there is a failure to promptly pay a legitimate uncontested invoice: Provided, That a county agency shall not be liable for payment of interest owed by another county agency under this section.

(e) Any other county agency charged by law with processing a county agency’s requisition for payment of a legitimate uncontested invoice shall either process the claim or reject it for good cause within ten days after the agency receives it. Failure to comply with the requirements of this subsection shall render the county agency liable for payment of the interest mandated by this section when there is a failure to promptly pay a legitimate uncontested invoice: Provided, That a county agency shall not be liable for payment of interest owed by another county agency under this section.

(f) For purposes of this section, the term “agency” means any agency, department, board, office, bureau, commission, authority or any other entity of county government.

(g) This section may be cited as the “Prompt Pay Act of 1995.”

8-13-22d: Payment of Legitimate Uncontested Invoices; Interest on Late Payments

(a) Any properly registered and qualified vendor who supplies services or commodities to any municipality or agency thereof, shall be entitled to prompt payment upon presentation to that municipality or agency of a legitimate uncontested invoice.

(b)
(1) Except as provided in subdivision (2) of this subsection, for purchases of services or commodities made on or after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-five, a check shall be issued in payment thereof within sixty days after a legitimate uncontested invoice is received by the municipality or agency receiving the services or commodities. Any check issued after the sixty days shall include interest at the current rate, as determined by the state tax commissioner under the provisions of section seventeen-a, article ten, chapter eleven of this code, which interest shall be calculated from the sixty-first day after the invoice was received by the municipality or agency until the date on which the check is mailed to the vendor: Provided, That this section shall not apply if payment cannot be made within the sixty-day period because of unforeseen budgetary constraints.

(2) For purposes of this subsection, an invoice shall be deemed to be received by a municipality or agency on the date on which the invoice is marked as received by the municipality or agency, or the date of the postmark made by the United States postal service as evidenced on the envelope in which the invoice is mailed, whichever is earlier, unless the vendor can provide sufficient evidence that the invoice was received by the municipality or agency on an earlier date: Provided, That in the event an invoice is received by a municipality or agency prior to the date on which the commodities or services covered by the invoice are delivered and accepted or fully performed and accepted, the invoice shall be deemed to be received on the date on which the commodities or services covered by the invoice were actually delivered and accepted or fully performed and accepted.

(c) The municipal treasurer shall deduct the amount of any interest due for late payment of an invoice from any appropriate account of the agency responsible for the late payment: Provided, That if two or more agencies are responsible for the late payment, the municipal treasurer shall deduct the amount of interest due on a pro rata basis.

(d) The municipality or agency initially receiving a legitimate uncontested invoice shall process the invoice for payment within ten days from its receipt. Failure to comply with the requirements of this subsection shall render the municipality or agency liable for payment of the interest mandated by this section when there is a failure to promptly pay a legitimate uncontested invoice: Provided, That a municipality or agency shall not be liable for payment of interest owed by another municipal agency under this section.

(e) Any other municipality or agency charged by law with processing a municipal agency’s requisition for payment of a legitimate uncontested invoice shall either process the claim or reject it for good cause within ten days after such municipality or agency receives it. Failure to comply with the requirements of this subsection shall render the municipal agency liable for payment of the interest mandated by this section when there is a failure to promptly pay a legitimate uncontested invoice: Provided, That a municipal agency shall not be liable for payment of interest owed by another municipal agency under this section.

(f) For purposes of this section, the phrase “municipal agency” means any agency, department, board, office, bureau, commission, authority or any other entity of a municipal corporation.

(g) This section may be cited as the “Prompt Pay Act of 1995.”

14-3-1: Payment of Interest by the State on Contracts When Final Payment is Delayed

All public contracts let in accordance with article three, chapter five-a of the code or let by the state board of education, the University of West Virginia board of trustees, the board of directors of the state college system, state armory board or by any other board, agency or commission of the state, entered into on and after the first day of March, one thousand nine hundred sixty-nine, and prior to the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-one, except the state road commissioner, shall contain the following paragraph:

“Within ninety days after the completion of this contract is certified by the approving authority to be complete in accordance with terms of the plans or specifications, or both where appropriate, or is accepted by the authorized spending officer as complete, or is occupied by the owner, or is dedicated for public use by the owner, whichever occurs first, the balance due the contractor herein shall be paid in full. Should such payment be delayed for more than ninety days beyond the day the completion of this contract is certified by the authorized spending officer or is accepted by the owner as complete, or is occupied by the owner, or is dedicated for public use by the owner, said contractor shall be paid interest, beginning on the ninety-first day, at the current rate, as determined by the state tax commissioner under the provisions of section seventeen-a, article ten, chapter eleven of this code per annum on any unpaid balance: Provided, That whenever the approving authority reasonably determines that delay in completing the contract or in accepting payment for the contract is the fault of the contractor herein, the approving authority may accept and use the commodities or printing or the project may be occupied by the owner or dedicated for public use by the owner without payment of any interest on amounts withheld past the ninety-day limit.”

All public construction contracts relating to roads or bridges let by the commissioner of the division of highways, entered into on and after the first day of March, one thousand nine hundred sixty-nine, and prior to the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-one, shall contain the following paragraph:

“Within one hundred fifty days after the approving authority notifies the contractor, in writing, of the final acceptance by such approving authority of the project for which this contract provides, the balance due the prime contractor shall be paid in full. Should such payment be delayed for more than one hundred fifty days beyond the date that the approving authority notifies the contractor of the final acceptance of the project in accordance with the terms of the contract and the plans and specifications thereof, said prime contractor shall be paid interest, beginning on the one hundred fifty-first day, at the current rate, as determined by the state tax commissioner under the provisions of section seventeen-a, article ten, chapter eleven of this code per annum on such unpaid balance: Provided, That if the prime contractor does not agree to the amount of money determined by the approving authority to be due and owing to the prime contractor and set forth on the final estimate document, and the approving authority makes an offer to pay the amount of the final estimate to the said prime contractor, then the prime contractor shall not be entitled to receive any interest on the amount set forth in said final estimate, but shall only be entitled to the payment of interest current rate, as determined by the state tax commissioner under the provisions of section seventeen-a, article ten, chapter eleven of this code per annum on the amount of money finally determined to be due and owing to the said prime contractor, less the amount of the final estimate that the approving authority had originally offered to pay to the said prime contractor.”

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