Notice of Commencement Overview
Notice of Commencement Resources
- At A Glance
Map of Requirements
NOCs are not often required in the United States. Here is a map of where these documents are required, where they are optional, and where there is no rule.
FAQs about Notices of Commencement
You may have a lot of questions about when to use NOCs, how to use them, where to file them, and which form to use. Get those answers here.
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A Notice of Commencement (sometimes called ‘Notice of Project Commencement’ or ‘Affidavit of Commencement’ or ‘Notice of Contract’) is a document that formally designates the beginning of a project.
- Recorded: These notices are filed with the county recorder offices in the county where the construction project is located.
- Filed by the General Contractor: The general contractor is frequently excused from sending a preliminary notice, but this notice is usually the general contractor’s duty.
- Required by Law: When these notices are mentioned in a state’s lien law, they are usually required, and general contractors will sustain consequences if they are not recorded.
The Notice of Commencement serves as a notice to the public that construction is beginning or has begun, and specifically exists to provide information about the job to all subcontractors, suppliers, and vendors who will work on the project. Finding job information is a big challenge for subcontractors and suppliers in the construction industry, but states that have a formal notice process like this make things a little easier on these parties.
When these commencement notices are required (and properly filed), they typically have some impact on the lien rights of subcontractors and suppliers on the affected jobs. Usually, the filed notice will create an additional layer of protection for general contractors and property owners by creating additional hurdles and limits to the lien process. A properly filed notice of commencement can, for example, require preliminary notices be sent when otherwise they are not required, or can shorten the period of time that subs & suppliers may file liens.
Since this notice can impact a company’s right to file a mechanics lien, it’s important that subcontractors and suppliers know whether a NOC is filed or not, and know the information contained on any filed notices. Since these notices are filed in county records and are not generally accessible, and are filed with different methods of indexing, this can be more difficult than it may seem.
This page provides a guide, frequently asked questions, forms, and all the information you need to know about Notices of Commencement. Whether you’re preparing & filing these notices, looking for them, or just trying to understand them better, this information will help you understand and master this document and process. And since these notices are so sensitive to the state’s rules, this page will also help you navigate the NOC requirements in each state. For a longer discussion about this notice generally and how it works, refer to our Ultimate Guide to Notices of Commencement.