New Jersey Prompt Payment Guide and FAQs

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New Jersey Prompt Payment Overview

New Jersey Prompt Payment Requirements


  • Private Jobs
  • Public Jobs
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30
DAYS
Prime Contractors

For Prime Contractors, progress payment must be made within 30 days after billing date set forth in contract.


10
DAYS
Subcontractors

For Subcontractors, payent due within 10 days aftr payment received from above. Can be modified by contract.


10
DAYS
Suppliers

For Suppliers, payent due within 10 days aftr payment received from above. Can be modified by contract.


1%
Interest & Fees

Interest at prime rate plus 1%. Attorneys' fees awarded to prevailing party.

30
DAYS
Prime Contractors

For Prime (General) Contractors, payment due within 30 days after billing date set forth in contract.


10
DAYS
Subcontractors

For Subcontractors, payment due within 10 days after payment received from above. Can be modified by contract.


10
DAYS
Suppliers

For Suppliers, payment due within 10 days after payment received from above. Can be modified by contract.


1%
Interest & Fees

Interest at prime rate plus 1%. Attorneys' fees awarded to prevailing party.

New Jersey’s prompt payment statutes set forth specific timeframes when general contractors, subcontractors, suppliers, and others involved with a construction project must be paid.  This page provides an overview of these regulations, and addresses some frequently asked questions related to the New Jersey prompt payment laws.

New Jersey Prompt Payment Frequently Asked Questions

New Jersey Prompt Payment Private Projects FAQs

Do I have to send a letter or file anything to qualify for Prompt Payment Penalties or Remedies in New Jersey?

New Jersey requires performance in accordance with the contract in order for the prompt pay act to apply. Further, a request for payment or periodic bill must be provided. In order for attorneys’ fees to be awarded, a party must prevail in an action to recover late payments.

Can I include Prompt Payment Fees in my New Jersey Mechanics Liens Claim or Bond Claim?

No. New Jersey doesn’t allow miscellaneous amounts to be included on the face of a mechanics lien.

If I am paid late according to prompt payment statutes, can I obtain interest or other penalty payments?

The only requirement for interest to accrue at a rate equal to the prime rate plus 1% pursuant to prompt pay act is late payment, no specific notice must be given.

Are there reasons for which payment may be withheld past the general deadline?

New Jersey statutes don’t specifically set forth reasons for which payment may be withheld, and so specific reasons will likely be determined by contract.

What is the best practice for making a demand to a non-paying party to get prompt payment fees?

Sending a notice of intent to lien and prompt payment demand is generally the best method for encouraging parties to make payment.

New Jersey Prompt Payment Public Projects FAQs

Do I have to send a letter or file anything to qualify for Prompt Payment Penalties or Remedies in New Jersey?

New Jersey requires performance in accordance with the contract in order for the prompt pay act to apply. Further, a request for payment or periodic bill must be provided. In order for attorneys’ fees to be awarded, a party must prevail in an action to recover late payments.

Can I include Prompt Payment Fees in my New Jersey Mechanics Liens Claim or Bond Claim?

No. New Jersey law does not allow for the recovery of miscellaneous amounts in a bond claim.

If I am paid late according to prompt payment statutes, can I obtain interest or other penalty payments?

The only requirement for interest to accrue at a rate equal to the prime rate plus 1% pursuant to prompt pay act is late payment, no specific notice must be given.

Are there reasons for which payment may be withheld past the general deadline?

New Jersey statutes don’t specifically set forth reasons for which payment may be withheld, and so specific reasons will likely be determined by contract.

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New Jersey Prompt Payment Statute FAQs

Getting informed about prompt payment laws is important. An examination of New Jersey’s prompt payment statute, the rules and regulations related to payment timing, is important to know your rights and responsibilities as a party on a construction project. New Jersey’s specific laws can be found in: N.J. Stat. §§ 2A:30A-1, 30A-2; 40A:11-16.2, and are reproduced below.

Prompt Payment Statute on Private Projects

2A:30A-1: Definitions

1. As used in this act:

“Billing” means, in accordance with the terms and definitions of the applicable contract, any periodic payment, final payment, written approved change order or request for release of retainage.

“Prime contractor” means a person who contracts with an owner to improve real property.

“Improve” means: to build, alter, repair or demolish any structure upon, connected with, on or beneath the surface of any real property; to excavate, clear, grade, fill or landscape any real property; to construct driveways and private roadways on real property; to furnish construction related materials, including trees and shrubbery, for any of the above purposes; or to perform any labor upon a structure, including any design, professional or skilled services furnished by an architect, engineer, land surveyor or landscape architect licensed or registered pursuant to the laws of this State.

“Structure” means all or any part of a building and other improvements to real property.

“Owner” means any person, including any public or governmental entity, who has an interest in the real property to be improved and who has contracted with a prime contractor for such improvement to be made. “Owner” shall be deemed to include any successor in interest or agent acting on behalf of an owner.

“Prime rate” means the base rate on corporate loans at large United States money center commercial banks.

“Real property” means the real estate that is improved upon or to be improved upon.

“Subcontractor” means any person who has contracted to furnish labor, materials or other services to a prime contractor in connection with a contract to improve real property.

“Subsubcontractor” means any person who has contracted to furnish labor, materials or other services to a subcontractor in connection with a contract to improve real property.

2A:30A-2: Payment to Prime Contractor; subcontractor, subsubcontractor, timely payment; exceptions; disputes; resolution

 a. If a prime contractor has performed in accordance with the provisions of a contract with the owner and the billing for the work has been approved and certified by the owner or the owner’s authorized approving agent, the owner shall pay the amount due to the prime contractor for each periodic payment, final payment or retainage monies not more than   30 calendar days after the billing date, which for a periodic billing, shall be the periodic billing date specified in the contract.  The billing shall be deemed approved and certified   20 days after the owner receives it unless the owner provides, before the end of the   20-day period, a written statement of the amount withheld and the reason for withholding payment, except that in the case of a public or governmental entity that requires the entity’s governing body to vote on authorizations for each periodic payment, final payment or retainage monies, the amount due may be approved and certified at the next scheduled public meeting of the entity’s governing body, and paid during the entity’s subsequent payment cycle, provided this exception has been defined in the bid specifications and contract documents.

b.If a subcontractor or subsubcontractor has performed in accordance with the provisions of its contract with the  prime contractor or subcontractor and the work has been accepted by the owner, the owner’s authorized approving agent, or the prime contractor, as applicable, and the parties have not otherwise agreed in writing, the prime contractor shall pay to its subcontractor and the subcontractor shall pay to  its subsubcontractor within 10 calendar days of the receipt of each periodic payment, final payment or receipt of retainage monies, the full amount received for the work of the subcontractor or subsubcontractor based on the work completed or the services rendered under the applicable contract.  In the case of ongoing work on the same project for which partial payments are made, the amount of money owed for work already completed shall only be payable if the subcontractor or subsubcontractor is performing to the satisfaction of the prime contractor or subcontractor, as applicable.

c.If a payment due pursuant to the provisions of this section is not made in a timely manner, the delinquent party shall be liable for the amount of money owed under the contract, plus interest at a rate equal to the prime rate plus 1%.  Interest on amounts due pursuant to this section shall be paid to the prime contractor, subcontractor or subsubcontractor for the period beginning on the day after the required payment date and ending on the day on which the check for payment has been drawn.  The provisions of this subsection c. shall not apply to any transportation project as defined in section 3 of P.L. 1984, c.73 (C.27:1B-3), if that project receives federal funding and the awarding agency has been notified by the federal government that it will be classified as a high risk grantee pursuant to 49 C.F.R. 18.12.
d. A prime contractor, subcontractor or subsubcontractor  may, after providing seven calendar days’ written notice to the party failing to make the required payments, suspend performance of a construction contract, without penalty for breach of contract, until the payment required pursuant to this section is made, if the contractor, subcontractor or subsubcontractor: is not paid as required by this section; is not provided a written statement of the amount withheld and the reason for the withholding; and the payor is not engaged in a good faith effort to resolve the reason for the withholding.  The provisions of this subsection d. shall not apply to any transportation project as defined in section 3 of P.L. 1984, c.73 (C.27:1B-3), if that project receives federal funding and the application of this provision would jeopardize the funding because the owner could not meet the federal standards for financial management systems as outlined in 49 C.F.R. 18.20.

e. (1) The rights, remedies or protections provided by this section for prime contractors, subcontractors and subsubcontractors shall be in addition to other remedies provided pursuant to any other provision of State law.  To the extent that the provisions of this section provide greater rights, remedies or protections for prime contractors, subcontractors and subsubcontractors than other provisions of State law, the provisions of this section shall supersede those other provisions.

(2)No provision of this section shall be construed as restricting in any way the rights or remedies provided by any other applicable State or federal law to an owner who is a resident homeowner or purchaser with respect to the real property being improved.

f.All contracts for the improvement of structures entered into after the effective date of P.L.2006, c.96 between owners, prime contractors, subcontractors or subsubcontractors shall provide that disputes regarding whether a party has failed to make payments required pursuant to this section  may be submitted to a process of alternative dispute resolution.  Alternative dispute resolution permitted by this section shall not apply to disputes concerning the bid solicitation or award process, or to the formation of contracts or subcontracts.  In any civil action brought to collect payments pursuant to this section, the action  shall be conducted inside of this State and the prevailing party shall be awarded reasonable costs and attorney fees.

40A:11-16.2: Partial Payments; Deposit Bonds

1. Any contract, the total price of which exceeds $100,000.00, entered into by a contracting unit involving the construction, reconstruction, alteration, repair or maintenance of any building, structure, facility or other improvement to real property, shall provide for partial payments to be made at least once each month as the work progresses, unless the contractor shall agree to deposit bonds with the contracting unit pursuant to P.L.1979, c.152 (C.40A:11-16.1).

Prompt Payment Statute on Public Projects

2A:30A-1: Definitions

1. As used in this act:

“Billing” means, in accordance with the terms and definitions of the applicable contract, any periodic payment, final payment, written approved change order or request for release of retainage.

“Prime contractor” means a person who contracts with an owner to improve real property.

“Improve” means: to build, alter, repair or demolish any structure upon, connected with, on or beneath the surface of any real property; to excavate, clear, grade, fill or landscape any real property; to construct driveways and private roadways on real property; to furnish construction related materials, including trees and shrubbery, for any of the above purposes; or to perform any labor upon a structure, including any design, professional or skilled services furnished by an architect, engineer, land surveyor or landscape architect licensed or registered pursuant to the laws of this State.

“Structure” means all or any part of a building and other improvements to real property.

“Owner” means any person, including any public or governmental entity, who has an interest in the real property to be improved and who has contracted with a prime contractor for such improvement to be made. “Owner” shall be deemed to include any successor in interest or agent acting on behalf of an owner.

“Prime rate” means the base rate on corporate loans at large United States money center commercial banks.

“Real property” means the real estate that is improved upon or to be improved upon.

“Subcontractor” means any person who has contracted to furnish labor, materials or other services to a prime contractor in connection with a contract to improve real property.

“Subsubcontractor” means any person who has contracted to furnish labor, materials or other services to a subcontractor in connection with a contract to improve real property.

2A:30A-2: Payment to Prime Contractor; subcontractor, subsubcontractor, timely payment; exceptions; disputes; resolution

 a. If a prime contractor has performed in accordance with the provisions of a contract with the owner and the billing for the work has been approved and certified by the owner or the owner’s authorized approving agent, the owner shall pay the amount due to the prime contractor for each periodic payment, final payment or retainage monies not more than   30 calendar days after the billing date, which for a periodic billing, shall be the periodic billing date specified in the contract.  The billing shall be deemed approved and certified   20 days after the owner receives it unless the owner provides, before the end of the   20-day period, a written statement of the amount withheld and the reason for withholding payment, except that in the case of a public or governmental entity that requires the entity’s governing body to vote on authorizations for each periodic payment, final payment or retainage monies, the amount due may be approved and certified at the next scheduled public meeting of the entity’s governing body, and paid during the entity’s subsequent payment cycle, provided this exception has been defined in the bid specifications and contract documents.

b.If a subcontractor or subsubcontractor has performed in accordance with the provisions of its contract with the  prime contractor or subcontractor and the work has been accepted by the owner, the owner’s authorized approving agent, or the prime contractor, as applicable, and the parties have not otherwise agreed in writing, the prime contractor shall pay to its subcontractor and the subcontractor shall pay to  its subsubcontractor within 10 calendar days of the receipt of each periodic payment, final payment or receipt of retainage monies, the full amount received for the work of the subcontractor or subsubcontractor based on the work completed or the services rendered under the applicable contract.  In the case of ongoing work on the same project for which partial payments are made, the amount of money owed for work already completed shall only be payable if the subcontractor or subsubcontractor is performing to the satisfaction of the prime contractor or subcontractor, as applicable.

c.If a payment due pursuant to the provisions of this section is not made in a timely manner, the delinquent party shall be liable for the amount of money owed under the contract, plus interest at a rate equal to the prime rate plus 1%.  Interest on amounts due pursuant to this section shall be paid to the prime contractor, subcontractor or subsubcontractor for the period beginning on the day after the required payment date and ending on the day on which the check for payment has been drawn.  The provisions of this subsection c. shall not apply to any transportation project as defined in section 3 of P.L. 1984, c.73 (C.27:1B-3), if that project receives federal funding and the awarding agency has been notified by the federal government that it will be classified as a high risk grantee pursuant to 49 C.F.R. 18.12.
d. A prime contractor, subcontractor or subsubcontractor  may, after providing seven calendar days’ written notice to the party failing to make the required payments, suspend performance of a construction contract, without penalty for breach of contract, until the payment required pursuant to this section is made, if the contractor, subcontractor or subsubcontractor: is not paid as required by this section; is not provided a written statement of the amount withheld and the reason for the withholding; and the payor is not engaged in a good faith effort to resolve the reason for the withholding.  The provisions of this subsection d. shall not apply to any transportation project as defined in section 3 of P.L. 1984, c.73 (C.27:1B-3), if that project receives federal funding and the application of this provision would jeopardize the funding because the owner could not meet the federal standards for financial management systems as outlined in 49 C.F.R. 18.20.

e. (1) The rights, remedies or protections provided by this section for prime contractors, subcontractors and subsubcontractors shall be in addition to other remedies provided pursuant to any other provision of State law.  To the extent that the provisions of this section provide greater rights, remedies or protections for prime contractors, subcontractors and subsubcontractors than other provisions of State law, the provisions of this section shall supersede those other provisions.

(2)No provision of this section shall be construed as restricting in any way the rights or remedies provided by any other applicable State or federal law to an owner who is a resident homeowner or purchaser with respect to the real property being improved.

f.All contracts for the improvement of structures entered into after the effective date of P.L.2006, c.96 between owners, prime contractors, subcontractors or subsubcontractors shall provide that disputes regarding whether a party has failed to make payments required pursuant to this section  may be submitted to a process of alternative dispute resolution.  Alternative dispute resolution permitted by this section shall not apply to disputes concerning the bid solicitation or award process, or to the formation of contracts or subcontracts.  In any civil action brought to collect payments pursuant to this section, the action  shall be conducted inside of this State and the prevailing party shall be awarded reasonable costs and attorney fees.

40A:11-16.2: Partial Payments; Deposit Bonds

1. Any contract, the total price of which exceeds $100,000.00, entered into by a contracting unit involving the construction, reconstruction, alteration, repair or maintenance of any building, structure, facility or other improvement to real property, shall provide for partial payments to be made at least once each month as the work progresses, unless the contractor shall agree to deposit bonds with the contracting unit pursuant to P.L.1979, c.152 (C.40A:11-16.1).

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