Florida Prompt Payment Overview

Florida’s prompt payment statutes set forth specific timeframes when general contractors, subcontractors, suppliers, and others involved with a construction project must be paid.  This page provides an overview of these regulations, and addresses some frequently asked questions related to the Florida prompt payment laws.

Florida Prompt Payment for Private Projects FAQs

Prompt Payment Frequently Asked Questions

Do I Have To Send A Letter or File Anything To Qualify For Prompt Payment Penalties or Remedies in Florida?

The Florida prompt payment act applies upon pursuant to the terms of the contract, when the party requesting payment has submitted documents that may be required (sworn statements, affidavits, etc.) by Florida law or request of the owner, and has submitted a proper request for payment.

Can I Include Prompt Payment Fees In My Florida Mechanics Liens Claim or Bond Claim?

No. Florida law does not allow for the recovery of miscellaneous amounts in a mechanics lien.

If I am paid late according to prompt payment statutes, can I obtain interest or other penalty payments?

If payment is received late, and none of the valid reasons for late payment apply, and the party requesting payment has submitted a proper pay application, the party to be paid is entitled to recover the interest allowed by law (at the rate set by the contract, or the rate set by Florida’s CFO, whichever is greater). As a practical matter, it may be difficult to recover amounts in excess of the contractually due amount without filing suit.

Are there reasons for which payment may be withheld past the general deadline?

Florida allows payments to be withheld for the following reasons:

  1. An improper pay request,
  2. A bona fide dispute,
  3. A material breach of contract by the claimant.

Note, however, that a dispute over some portion of the payment doesn’t allow the paying party to withhold payments for amounts not in dispute.

What is the best practice for making a demand to a non-paying party to get prompt payment fees?

Sending a notice of intent to lien and prompt payment demand is generally the best method for encouraging parties to make payment.

Florida Prompt Payment for Public Projects FAQs

Prompt Payment Frequently Asked Questions

Do I Have To Send A Letter or File Anything To Qualify For Prompt Payment Penalties or Remedies in Florida?

In order for the prompt payment act to apply, the party requesting payment must be entitled to payment (performed under the contract, and submitted a proper pay application conforming to the requirements of the contract).

In order to recover attorneys’ fees, a party must prevail in an action to recover.

Can I Include Prompt Payment Fees In My Florida Mechanics Liens Claim or Bond Claim?

No. Florida law does not allow for the recovery of miscellaneous amounts in a bond claim.

If I am paid late according to prompt payment statutes, can I obtain interest or other penalty payments?

If payment is received late, and none of the valid reasons for late payment apply, and the party requesting payment has submitted a proper pay application, the party to be paid is entitled to recover the interest allowed by law (at the rate set by the contract, or the rate set by Florida’s CFO, whichever is greater). Florida law specifically sets forth that “[n]o contract between a public entity or a local governmental entity and a contractor may prohibit collection of interest on late payments.”

Are there reasons for which payment may be withheld past the general deadline?

Florida allows payments to be withheld for a “bona fide” or “good faith” dispute as to the amount owed (depending on statute).

Florida Prompt Payment Statutes

Getting informed about prompt payment laws is important. An examination of Florida’s prompt payment statutes, the rules and regulations related to payment timing, is important to know your rights and responsibilities as a party on a construction project. Florida’s specific laws can be found in: Fla. Stat. §§ 713.346, 715.12, Fla. Stat. §§ 255.0705 et seq., 215.422; Localities: §§ 218.70 et seq.; FDOT: § 337.141, and are reproduced below.

Prompt Payment Statute on Private Projects

713.346: Payment on Construction Contracts
(1) Any person who receives a payment for constructing or altering permanent improvements to real property shall pay, in accordance with the contract terms, the undisputed contract obligations for labor, services, or materials provided on account of such improvements.
(2) The failure to pay any undisputed obligations for such labor, services, or materials within 30 days after the date the labor, services, or materials were furnished and payment for such labor, services, or materials became due, or within 30 days after the date payment for such labor, services, or materials is received, whichever last occurs, shall entitle any person providing such labor, services, or materials to the procedures specified in subsection (3) and the remedies provided in subsection (4).
(3) Any person providing labor, services, or materials for improvements to real property may file a verified complaint alleging:
     (a) The existence of a contract, as defined in s. 713.01, to improve real property.
     (b) A description of the labor, services, or materials provided and alleging that the labor, services, or materials were provided in accordance with the contract.
     (c) The amount of the contract price.
     (d) The amount, if any, paid pursuant to the contract.
     (e) The amount that remains unpaid pursuant to the contract, and the amount thereof that is undisputed.
(f) That the undisputed amount has remained due and payable pursuant to the contract for more than 30 days after the date the labor or services were accepted or the materials were received.
     (g) That the person against whom the complaint was filed has received payment on account of the labor, services, or materials described in the complaint more than 30 days prior to the date the complaint was filed.
(4) After service of the complaint, the court shall conduct an evidentiary hearing on the complaint, upon not less than 15 days’ written notice. The person providing labor, services, or materials is entitled to the following remedies to the extent of the undisputed amount due for labor or services performed or materials supplied, and upon proof of each allegation in the complaint:

   (a) An accounting of the use of any such payment from the person who received such payment.
(b) A temporary injunction against the person who received the payment, subject to the bond requirements specified in the Florida Rules of Civil Procedure.
(c) Prejudgment attachment against the person who received the payment, in accordance with each of the requirements of chapter 76.
(d) Such other legal or equitable remedies as may be appropriate in accordance with the requirements of the law.

(5) The remedies specified in subsection (4) must be granted without regard to any other remedy at law and without regard to whether or not irreparable damage has occurred or will occur.

(6) The remedies specified in subsection (4) do not apply:
(a) To the extent of a bona fide dispute regarding any portion of the contract price.
(b) In the event the plaintiff has committed a material breach of the contract which would relieve the defendant from the obligations under the contract.

(7) The prevailing party in any proceeding under this section is entitled to recover costs, including a reasonable attorney’s fee, at trial and on appeal.

715.12: Construction Contract Prompt Payment Law

(1) This section may be cited as the “Construction Contract Prompt Payment Law.”

(2) This section applies only to written contracts to improve real property entered into after December 31, 1992, and for which a construction lien is authorized under part I of chapter 713.

(3) The terms used in this section have the same definitions as the terms defined in s. 713.01. As used in this section, the term:
(a) “Obligor” means an owner, contractor, subcontractor, or sub-subcontractor who has an obligation to make payments under a contract that is subject to this section.
(b) “Obligee” means a contractor, subcontractor, sub-subcontractor, or materialman who is entitled to receive payments under a contract that is subject to this section.
(c) “Chain of contracts” means the contracts between the owner and the contractor, the contractor and any subcontractor or materialman, the subcontractor and any sub-subcontractor or materialman, and the sub-subcontractor and any materialman.

(4) An obligor must pay an obligee with whom the obligor has a contract when all of the following events have occurred:
(a) The obligee is entitled to a payment at the time and under the terms specified in the contract between the obligor and the obligee, and the obligee has furnished the obligor with a written request for payment; and
(b) The obligor, except an owner, has been paid for the obligee’s labor, services, or materials described in the obligee’s request for payment by the person immediately above the obligor in the chain of contracts; and
(c) The obligee has furnished the obligor with all affidavits or waivers required for the owner to make proper payments under s. 713.06.

(5)
(a) Any payment due under the provisions of subsection (4), excluding any amounts withheld pursuant to subsection (7), shall bear interest at the rate specified in s. 55.03, computed beginning on the 14th day after payment is due pursuant to subsection (4).
(b) If the request for payment is incomplete or contains an error, the obligor has 14 days within which to return the request for payment to the obligee for completion or correction. The obligor must specify in writing the reasons for the return of the request for payment. If the obligor does not return the request for payment, together with the specified reasons within the time provided in paragraph (a), the obligor must pay interest as provided in paragraph (a). If the obligor does return the request for payment within the time provided in paragraph (a), the time period for computing interest begins to run on the 14th day after the request for payment is completed or corrected and payment is otherwise due pursuant to subsection (4).

(6)
(a) The right to receive interest on a payment under this section is not an exclusive remedy. This section does not modify the remedies available to any person under the terms of a contract or under any other statute. This section does not modify the rights of any person to recover prejudgment interest awarded to the prevailing party in any civil action or arbitration case. During the period that interest accrues under this section, the interest rate shall be the rate specified in s. 55.03 or the rate specified in the contract, whichever is greater. A person shall not be entitled to receive both the contract interest and the statutory interest specified in this section.
(b) This section does not create a separate cause of action other than for the collection of interest due pursuant to subsection (5).
(c) If an obligor pays an amount less than the full amount due under the contract between the obligor and the obligee, the obligor may designate the portion of the labor, services, or materials to which the payment applies. In the absence of such a designation by the obligor, the obligee may apply the payment in any manner the obligee deems appropriate. This paragraph does not modify the obligation to make or demand a designation under the provisions of s. 713.14.
   (d) An obligee may not waive the right to receive interest before a payment is due under a contract subject to this section. An obligee may waive the interest due on any late payment on or after the date the payment is due under subsection (4).
   (e) Unless the contract specifically provides to the contrary, a dispute between an obligor and obligee does not permit the obligor to withhold payment from the obligee or from any other obligee for labor, services, or materials provided to the obligor and which are not subject to or affected by the dispute.

(7)
(a) An owner and a contractor may agree to a provision that allows the owner to withhold a portion of each progress payment until substantial completion of the entire project. The owner shall pay the contractor the balance of the contract price, including the amounts withheld from the progress payments, within 14 days after any of the following events occur.

1. Pursuant to the terms of the contract, an architect or engineer certifies that the project is substantially complete and, within the time provided in the contract between the owner and the contractor, the owner submits a written punchlist to the contractor and the contractor substantially completes all of the items on the punchlist.

2. The issuance of a certificate of occupancy for the project, and within the time provided in the contract between the owner and the contractor, the owner submits a written punchlist to the contractor and the contractor substantially completes all of the items on the punchlist.

3. The owner or a tenant of the owner takes possession of the construction project and, within the time provided in the contract between the owner and the contractor, the owner submits a written punchlist to the contractor and the contractor substantially completes all of the items on the punchlist.
Any funds retained by the owner beyond the time period specified in this subsection shall accrue interest at the rate specified in subsection (5), computed from the date the payment is due to the date the payment is received by the contractor. If the contract between the owner and the contractor does not provide a time period for the owner to submit a written punchlist to the contractor, the time period shall be 15 days from the issuance of the certificate of substantial completion, the issuance of the certificate of occupancy, or the date the owner or the owner’s tenant takes possession of the project, whichever first occurs. If no written punchlist is given to the contractor within the time provided in this subsection, interest begins to accrue 14 days after the issuance of the certificate of substantial completion, the issuance of the certificate of occupancy, or the date the owner or the owner’s tenant takes possession of the project, whichever first occurs. For construction projects that are to be built in phases, this subsection applies to each phase of the total project. The contract between the owner and the contractor may specify a shorter time period for disbursing all or any portion of the final payment and the retainage.

(b) Except as provided in paragraph (a), an obligor and obligee may agree to a provision that allows the obligor to withhold a portion of each progress payment until completion of the entire project. The amounts withheld shall bear interest 14 days after payment of such amounts are due under the terms of the contract between the obligor and obligee and the other requirements of subsection (4) have been satisfied.

(c) An obligee may, from time to time, withdraw all or any portion of the amount retained from progress payments upon depositing with the obligor:
1. United States Treasury bonds, United States Treasury notes, United States Treasury certificates of indebtedness, or United States Treasury bills;
2. Bonds or notes of the State of Florida; or
3. Certificates of deposit, within the insured limits, from a state or national bank or state or federal savings and loan association authorized to do business in this state.

Amounts may not be withdrawn in excess of the market value of the securities listed in subparagraphs 1., 2., and 3. at the time of such withdrawal or in excess of the par value of such securities, whichever is less. The obligee shall execute and deliver all documents reasonably required to allow the obligor to document the transfer and the obligee shall pay any recording or registration costs incurred by the obligor in connection with the transfer. The obligor shall pay the obligee any interest or income earned on the securities so deposited within 30 days after the date such interest or income is received by the obligor. If the deposit is in the form of coupon bonds, the obligor shall deliver each coupon to the obligee within 30 days after the date the coupon matures. An obligee may withdraw funds retained from progress payments only to the extent the obligor has withdrawn such funds for the obligee’s labor, services, or materials from the person immediately above the obligor in the chain of contracts.

Prompt Payment Statute on Public Projects

225.0705: Popular name.—Sections 255.0705-255.078 may be cited as the “Florida Prompt Payment Act.”

See above.

255.071 Payment of subcontractors, sub-subcontractors, materialmen, and suppliers on construction contracts for public projects

(1) Any person, firm, or corporation who receives a payment from the state or any county, city, or political subdivision of the state, or other public authority, for the construction of a public building, for the prosecution and completion of a public work, or for repairs upon a public building or public work shall pay, in accordance with the contract terms, the undisputed contract obligations for labor, services, or materials provided on account of such improvements.

(2) The failure to pay any undisputed obligations for such labor, services, or materials within 30 days after the date the labor, services, or materials were furnished and payment for such labor, services, or materials became due, or within the time limitations set forth in s. 255.073(3), whichever last occurs, shall entitle any person providing such labor, services, or materials to the procedures specified in subsection (3) and the remedies provided in subsection (4).

(3) Any person providing labor, services, or materials for the construction of a public building, for the prosecution and completion of a public work, or for repairs upon a public building or public work improvements to real property may file a verified complaint alleging:

(a) The existence of a contract for providing such labor, services, or materials to improve real property.
(b) A description of the labor, services, or materials provided and alleging that the labor, services, or materials were provided in accordance with the contract.
(c) The amount of the contract price.
(d) The amount, if any, paid pursuant to the contract.
(e) The amount that remains unpaid pursuant to the contract and the amount thereof that is undisputed.
(f) That the undisputed amount has remained due and payable pursuant to the contract for more than 30 days after the date the labor or services were accepted or the materials were received.
(g) That the person against whom the complaint was filed has received payment on account of the labor, services, or materials described in the complaint and, as of the date the complaint was filed, has failed to make payment within the time limitations set forth in s. 255.073(3).

(4) After service of the complaint, the court shall conduct an evidentiary hearing on the complaint, upon not less than 15 days’ written notice. The person providing labor, services, or materials is entitled to the following remedies to the extent of the undisputed amount due for labor or services performed or materials supplied, and upon proof of each allegation in the complaint:

(a) An accounting of the use of any such payment from the person who received such payment.
(b) A temporary injunction against the person who received the payment, subject to the bond requirements specified in the Florida Rules of Civil Procedure.
(c) Prejudgment attachment against the person who received the payment, in accordance with each of the requirements of chapter 76.
(d) Such other legal or equitable remedies as may be appropriate in accordance with the requirements of the law.

(5) The remedies specified in subsection (4) must be granted without regard to any other remedy at law and without regard to whether or not irreparable damage has occurred or will occur.

(6) The remedies specified in subsection (4) do not apply:

(a) To the extent of a bona fide dispute regarding any portion of the contract price.
(b) In the event the plaintiff has committed a material breach of the contract which would relieve the defendant from the obligations under the contract.

(7) The prevailing party in any proceeding under this section is entitled to recover costs, including a reasonable attorney’s fee, at trial and on appeal.

(8) The provisions of this section shall also apply to any contract between a subcontractor and a sub-subcontractor or supplier and any contract between a sub-subcontractor and supplier on any project for the construction of a public building, for the prosecution and completion of a public work, or for repairs upon a public building or public work.

255.072: Definitions

As used in ss. 255.073-255.078, the term:
(1) “Agent” means project architect, project engineer, or any other agency or person acting on behalf of a public entity.

(2) “Construction services” means all labor, services, and materials provided in connection with the construction, alteration, repair, demolition, reconstruction, or any other improvements to real property. The term “construction services” does not include contracts or work performed for the Department of Transportation.

(3) “Contractor” means any person who contracts directly with a public entity to provide construction services.

(4) “Payment request” means a request for payment for construction services which conforms with all statutory requirements and with all requirements specified by the public entity to which the payment request is submitted.

(5) “Public entity” means the state, or any office, board, bureau, commission, department, branch, division, or institution thereof, but does not include a local governmental entity as defined in s. 218.72.

(6) “Purchase” means the purchase of construction services.

255.073: Timely Payment for Purchase of Construction Services

(1) Except as otherwise provided in ss. 255.072-255.078, s. 215.422 governs the timely payment for construction services by a public entity.

(2) If a public entity disputes a portion of a payment request, the undisputed portion must be timely paid.

(3) When a contractor receives payment from a public entity for labor, services, or materials furnished by subcontractors and suppliers hired by the contractor, the contractor shall remit payment due to those subcontractors and suppliers within 10 days after the contractor’s receipt of payment. When a subcontractor receives payment from a contractor for labor, services, or materials furnished by subcontractors and suppliers hired by the subcontractor, the subcontractor shall remit payment due to those subcontractors and suppliers within 7 days after the subcontractor’s receipt of payment. This subsection does not prohibit a contractor or subcontractor from disputing, pursuant to the terms of the relevant contract, all or any portion of a payment alleged to be due to another party if the contractor or subcontractor notifies the party whose payment is disputed, in writing, of the amount in dispute and the actions required to cure the dispute. The contractor or subcontractor must pay all undisputed amounts due within the time limits imposed by this subsection.

(4) All payments due for the purchase of construction services and not made within the applicable time limits shall bear interest at the rate specified in s. 215.422. After July 1, 2006, such payments shall bear interest at the rate of 1 percent per month, to the extent that the Chief Financial Officer’s replacement project for the state’s accounting and cash management systems is operational for the particular affected public entity. After January 1, 2007, all such payments due from public entity shall bear interest at the rate of 1 percent per month.

255.074: Procedures for Calculation of Payment Due Dates

(1) Each public entity shall establish procedures whereby each payment request received by the public entity is marked as received on the date on which it is delivered to an agent or employee of the public entity or of a facility or office of the public entity.

(2) If the terms under which a purchase is made allow for partial deliveries and a payment request is submitted for a partial delivery, the time for payment for the partial delivery must be calculated from the time of the partial delivery and the submission of the payment request.

(3) A public entity must submit a payment request to the Chief Financial Officer for payment no more than 20 days after receipt of the payment request.

255.075: Mandatory Interest

A contract between a public entity and a contractor may not prohibit the collection of late payment interest charges authorized under s. 255.073(4).

255.076: Award of Court Costs and Attorney's Fees

In an action to recover amounts due for construction services purchased by a public entity, the court shall award court costs and reasonable attorney’s fees, including fees incurred through any appeal, to the prevailing party, if the court finds that the nonprevailing party withheld any portion of the payment that is the subject of the action without any reasonable basis in law or fact to dispute the prevailing party’s claim to those amounts.

255.077: Project Closeout and Payment of Retainage

(1) Each contract for construction services between a public entity and a contractor must provide for the development of a list of items required to render complete, satisfactory, and acceptable the construction services purchased by the public entity. The contract must specify the process for the development of the list, including responsibilities of the public entity and the contractor in developing and reviewing the list and a reasonable time for developing the list, as follows:

(a) For construction projects having an estimated cost of less than $10 million, within 30 calendar days after reaching substantial completion of the construction services purchased as defined in the contract, or, if not defined in the contract, upon reaching beneficial occupancy or use; or

(b) For construction projects having an estimated cost of $10 million or more, within 30 calendar days, unless otherwise extended by contract not to exceed 60 calendar days, after reaching substantial completion of the construction services purchased as defined in the contract, or, if not defined in the contract, upon reaching beneficial occupancy or use.

(2) If the contract between the public entity and the contractor relates to the purchase of construction services on more than one building or structure, or involves a multiphased project, the contract must provide for the development of a list of items required to render complete, satisfactory, and acceptable all the construction services purchased pursuant to the contract for each building, structure, or phase of the project within the time limitations provided in subsection (1).

(3) The failure to include any corrective work or pending items not yet completed on the list developed pursuant to subsection (1) or subsection (2) does not alter the responsibility of the contractor to complete all the construction services purchased pursuant to the contract.

(4) Upon completion of all items on the list, the contractor may submit a payment request for all remaining retainage withheld by the public entity pursuant to s. 255.078. If a good faith dispute exists as to whether one or more items identified on the list have been completed pursuant to the contract, the public entity may continue to withhold an amount not to exceed 150 percent of the total costs to complete such items.

(5) All items that require correction under the contract and that are identified after the preparation and delivery of the list remain the obligation of the contractor as defined by the contract.

(6) Warranty items may not affect the final payment of retainage as provided in this section or as provided in the contract between the contractor and its subcontractors and suppliers.

(7) Retainage may not be held by a public entity or a contractor to secure payment of insurance premiums under a consolidated insurance program or series of insurance policies issued to a public entity or a contractor for a project or group of projects, and the final payment of retainage as provided in this section may not be delayed pending a final audit by the public entity’s or contractor’s insurance provider.

(8) If a public entity fails to comply with its responsibilities to develop the list required under subsection (1) or subsection (2), as defined in the contract, within the time limitations provided in subsection (1), the contractor may submit a payment request for all remaining retainage withheld by the public entity pursuant to s. 255.078. The public entity need not pay or process any payment request for retainage if the contractor has, in whole or in part, failed to cooperate with the public entity in the development of the list or failed to perform its contractual responsibilities, if any, with regard to the development of the list or if s. 255.078(6) applies.

255.078: Public Construction Retainage

(1) With regard to any contract for construction services, a public entity may withhold from each progress payment made to the contractor an amount not exceeding 10 percent of the payment as retainage until 50-percent completion of such services.

(2) After 50-percent completion of the construction services purchased pursuant to the contract, the public entity must reduce to 5 percent the amount of retainage withheld from each subsequent progress payment made to the contractor. For purposes of this section, the term “50-percent completion” has the meaning set forth in the contract between the public entity and the contractor or, if not defined in the contract, the point at which the public entity has expended 50 percent of the total cost of the construction services purchased as identified in the contract together with all costs associated with existing change orders and other additions or modifications to the construction services provided for in the contract.

(3) After 50-percent completion of the construction services purchased pursuant to the contract, the contractor may elect to withhold retainage from payments to its subcontractors at a rate higher than 5 percent. The specific amount to be withheld must be determined on a case-by-case basis and must be based on the contractor’s assessment of the subcontractor’s past performance, the likelihood that such performance will continue, and the contractor’s ability to rely on other safeguards. The contractor shall notify the subcontractor, in writing, of its determination to withhold more than 5 percent of the progress payment and the reasons for making that determination, and the contractor may not request the release of such retained funds from the public entity.

(4) After 50-percent completion of the construction services purchased pursuant to the contract, the contractor may present to the public entity a payment request for up to one-half of the retainage held by the public entity. The public entity shall promptly make payment to the contractor, unless the public entity has grounds, pursuant to subsection (6), for withholding the payment of retainage. If the public entity makes payment of retainage to the contractor under this subsection which is attributable to the labor, services, or materials supplied by one or more subcontractors or suppliers, the contractor shall timely remit payment of such retainage to those subcontractors and suppliers.

(5) Neither this section nor s. 255.077 prohibits a public entity from withholding retainage at a rate less than 10 percent of each progress payment, from incrementally reducing the rate of retainage pursuant to a schedule provided for in the contract, or from releasing at any point all or a portion of any retainage withheld by the public entity which is attributable to the labor, services, or materials supplied by the contractor or by one or more subcontractors or suppliers. If a public entity makes any payment of retainage to the contractor which is attributable to the labor, services, or materials supplied by one or more subcontractors or suppliers, the contractor shall timely remit payment of such retainage to those subcontractors and suppliers.

(6) Neither this section nor s. 255.077 requires the public entity to pay or release any amounts that are the subject of a good faith dispute, the subject of a claim brought pursuant to s. 255.05, or otherwise the subject of a claim or demand by the public entity or contractor.

(7) The same time limits for payment of a payment request apply regardless of whether the payment request is for, or includes, retainage.

(8) Subsections (1)-(4) do not apply to construction services purchased by a public entity which are paid for, in whole or in part, with federal funds and are subject to federal grantor laws and regulations or requirements that are contrary to any provision of the Florida Prompt Payment Act.

(9) This section does not apply to any construction services purchased by a public entity if the total cost of the construction services purchased as identified in the contract is $200,000 or less.

215.422: Payments, Warrants, and Invoices; Processing Time Limits; Dispute Resolution; Agency or Judicial Branch Compliance

(1) An invoice submitted to an agency of the state or the judicial branch, required by law to be filed with the Chief Financial Officer, shall be recorded in the financial systems of the state, approved for payment by the agency or the judicial branch, and filed with the Chief Financial Officer not later than 20 days after receipt of the invoice and receipt, inspection, and approval of the goods or services, except that in the case of a bona fide dispute the invoice recorded in the financial systems of the state shall contain a statement of the dispute and authorize payment only in the amount not disputed. The Chief Financial Officer may establish dollar thresholds and other criteria for all invoices and may delegate to a state agency or the judicial branch responsibility for maintaining the official invoices and documents for invoices which do not exceed the thresholds or which meet the established criteria. Such records shall be maintained in accordance with the requirements established by the Secretary of State. The transmission of an approved invoice recorded in the financial systems of the state to the Chief Financial Officer shall constitute filing of a request for payment of invoices for which the Chief Financial Officer has delegated to an agency custody of official records. Approval and inspection of goods or services shall take no longer than 5 working days unless the bid specifications, purchase order, or contract specifies otherwise. If an invoice filed within the 20-day period is returned by the Department of Financial Services because of an error, it shall nevertheless be deemed timely filed. The 20-day filing requirement may be waived in whole or in part by the Department of Financial Services on a showing of exceptional circumstances in accordance with rules and regulations of the department. For the purposes of determining the receipt of invoice date, the agency or the judicial branch is deemed to receive an invoice on the date on which a proper invoice is first received at the place designated by the agency or the judicial branch. The agency or the judicial branch is deemed to receive an invoice on the date of the invoice if the agency or the judicial branch has failed to annotate the invoice with the date of receipt at the time the agency or the judicial branch actually received the invoice or failed at the time the order is placed or contract made to designate a specific location to which the invoice must be delivered.

(2) The Department of Financial Services shall approve payment of an invoice no later than 10 days after the agency’s filing of the approved invoice. However, this requirement may be waived in whole or in part by the Department of Financial Services on a showing of exceptional circumstances in accordance with rules and regulations of the department. If the 10-day period contains fewer than 6 working days, the Department of Financial Services shall be deemed in compliance with this subsection if the payment is approved within 6 working days without regard to the actual number of calendar days.

(3)(a) Each agency of the state or the judicial branch which is required by law to file invoices with the Chief Financial Officer shall keep a record of the date of receipt of the invoice; dates of receipt, inspection, and approval of the goods or services; date of filing of the approved invoice; and date of issuance of the warrant in payment thereof. If the invoice is not filed or the warrant is not issued within the time required, an explanation in writing by the agency head or the Chief Justice shall be submitted to the Department of Financial Services in a manner prescribed by it. Agencies and the judicial branch shall continue to deliver or mail state payments promptly.

(b) If a warrant in payment of an invoice is not issued within 40 days after receipt of the invoice and receipt, inspection, and approval of the goods and services, the agency or judicial branch shall pay to the vendor, in addition to the amount of the invoice, interest at a rate as established pursuant to s. 55.03(1) on the unpaid balance from the expiration of such 40-day period until such time as the warrant is issued to the vendor. Such interest shall be added to the invoice at the time of submission to the Chief Financial Officer for payment whenever possible. If addition of the interest penalty is not possible, the agency or judicial branch shall pay the interest penalty payment within 15 days after issuing the warrant. The provisions of this paragraph apply only to undisputed amounts for which payment has been authorized. Disputes shall be resolved in accordance with rules developed and adopted by the Chief Justice for the judicial branch, and rules adopted by the Department of Financial Services or in a formal administrative proceeding before an administrative law judge of the Division of Administrative Hearings for state agencies, provided that, for the purposes of ss. 120.569 and 120.57(1), no party to a dispute involving less than $1,000 in interest penalties shall be deemed to be substantially affected by the dispute or to have a substantial interest in the decision resolving the dispute. In the case of an error on the part of the vendor, the 40-day period shall begin to run upon receipt by the agency or the judicial branch of a corrected invoice or other remedy of the error. For purposes of this section, the nonsubmittal of the appropriate federal taxpayer identification documentation to the Department of Financial Services by the vendor will be deemed an error on the part of the vendor, and the vendor will be required to submit the appropriate federal taxpayer documentation in order to remedy the error. The provisions of this paragraph do not apply when the filing requirement under subsection (1) or subsection (2) has been waived in whole by the Department of Financial Services. The various state agencies and the judicial branch shall be responsible for initiating the penalty payments required by this subsection and shall use this subsection as authority to make such payments. The budget request submitted to the Legislature shall specifically disclose the amount of any interest paid by any agency or the judicial branch pursuant to this subsection. The temporary unavailability of funds to make a timely payment due for goods or services does not relieve an agency or the judicial branch from the obligation to pay interest penalties under this section.

(c) An agency or the judicial branch may make partial payments to a contractor upon partial delivery of goods or services or upon partial completion of construction when a request for such partial payment is made by the contractor and approved by the agency. Provisions of this section and rules of the Department of Financial Services shall apply to partial payments in the same manner as they apply to full payments.

(4) If the terms of the invoice provide a discount for payment in less than 30 days, agencies of the state and the judicial branch shall preferentially process it and use all diligence to obtain the saving by compliance with the invoice terms.

(5) All purchasing agreements between a state agency or the judicial branch and a vendor, applicable to this section, shall include a statement of the vendor’s rights and the state’s responsibilities under this section. The vendor’s rights shall include being provided with the telephone number of the vendor ombudsman within the Department of Financial Services, which information shall also be placed on all agency or judicial branch purchase orders.

(6) The Department of Financial Services shall monitor each agency’s and the judicial branch’s compliance with the time limits and interest penalty provisions of this section. The department shall provide a report to an agency or to the judicial branch if the department determines that the agency or the judicial branch has failed to maintain an acceptable rate of compliance with the time limits and interest penalty provisions of this section. The department shall establish criteria for determining acceptable rates of compliance. The report shall also include a list of late invoices or payments, the amount of interest owed or paid, and any corrective actions recommended. The department shall perform monitoring responsibilities, pursuant to this section, using the Department of Financial Services’ financial systems provided in s. 215.94. Each agency and the judicial branch shall be responsible for the accuracy of information entered into the Department of Management Services’ procurement system and the Department of Financial Services’ financial systems for use in this monitoring.

(7) There is created a vendor ombudsman within the Department of Financial Services who shall be responsible for the following functions:

(a) Performing the duties of the department pursuant to subsection (6).

(b) Reviewing requests for waivers due to exceptional circumstances.

(c) Disseminating information relative to the prompt payment policies of this state and assisting vendors in receiving their payments in a timely manner.

(d) Performing such other duties as determined by the department.

(8) The Department of Financial Services is authorized and directed to adopt and promulgate rules and regulations to implement this section and for resolution of disputes involving amounts of less than $1,000 in interest penalties for state agencies. No agency or the judicial branch shall adopt any rule or policy that is inconsistent with this section or the Department of Financial Services’ rules or policies.

(9) Each agency and the judicial branch shall include in the official position description of every officer or employee who is responsible for the approval or processing of vendors’ invoices or distribution of warrants to vendors that the requirements of this section are mandatory.

(10) Persistent failure to comply with this section by any agency of the state or the judicial branch shall constitute good cause for discharge of employees duly found responsible, or predominantly responsible, for failure to comply.

(11) Travel and other reimbursements to state officers and employees must be the same as payments to vendors under this section, except payment of Class C travel subsistence. Class C travel subsistence shall be paid in accordance with the schedule established by the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to s. 112.061(5)(b). This section does not apply to payments made to state agencies, the judicial branch, or the legislative branch.

(12) In the event that a state agency or the judicial branch contracts with a third party, uses a revolving fund, or pays from a local bank account to process and pay invoices for goods or services, all requirements for financial obligations and time processing set forth in this section shall be applicable and the state agency or the judicial branch shall be responsible for paying vendors the interest assessed for untimely payment. The state agency or the judicial branch may, through its contract with a third party, require the third party to pay interest from the third party’s funds.

(13) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (3) and (12), in order to alleviate any hardship that may be caused to a health care provider as a result of delay in receiving reimbursement for services, any payment or payments for hospital, medical, or other health care services which are to be reimbursed by a state agency or the judicial branch, either directly or indirectly, shall be made to the health care provider not more than 35 days from the date eligibility for payment of such claim is determined. If payment is not issued to a health care provider within 35 days after the date eligibility for payment of the claim is determined, the state agency or the judicial branch shall pay the health care provider interest at a rate of 1 percent per month calculated on a calendar day basis on the unpaid balance from the expiration of such 35-day period until such time as payment is made to the health care provider, unless a waiver in whole has been granted by the Department of Financial Services pursuant to subsection (1) or subsection (2).

(14) The Chief Financial Officer may adopt rules to authorize advance payments for goods and services, including, but not limited to, maintenance agreements and subscriptions. Such rules shall provide objective criteria for determining when it is in the best interest of the state to make payments in advance and shall also provide for adequate protection to ensure that such goods or services will be provided.

(15) Nothing contained in this section shall be construed to be an appropriation. Any interest which becomes due and owing pursuant to this section shall only be payable from the appropriation charged for such goods or services.

(16) Notwithstanding the provisions of s. 24.120(3), applicable to warrants issued for payment of invoices submitted by the Department of the Lottery, the Chief Financial Officer may, by written agreement with the Department of the Lottery, establish a shorter time requirement than the 10 days provided in subsection (2) for warrants issued for payment. Pursuant to such written agreement, the Department of the Lottery shall reimburse the Chief Financial Officer for costs associated with processing invoices under the agreement.

218.70: Popular name.

This part may be cited as the “Local Government Prompt Payment Act.”

218.71: Purpose and Policy

(1) The purpose of this part is:

(a) To provide for prompt payments by local governmental entities and their institutions and agencies.

(b) To provide for interest payments on late payments made by local governmental entities and their institutions and agencies.

(c) To provide for a dispute resolution process for payment of obligations.

(2) It is the policy of this state that payment for all purchases by local governmental entities be made in a timely manner.

218.72: Definitions

As used in this part, the term:

(1) “Agent” means the project architect, project engineer, or other agency or person acting on behalf of the local governmental entity. The agent who is required to review invoices or payment requests must be identified in accordance with s. 218.735(1).

(2) “Construction services” means all labor, services, and materials provided in connection with the construction, alteration, repair, demolition, reconstruction, or other improvements to real property.

(3) “Contractor” or “provider of construction services” means the person who contracts directly with a local governmental entity to provide construction services.

(4) “County” means a political subdivision of the state established pursuant to s. 1, Art. VIII of the State Constitution.

(5) “Local governmental entity” means a county or municipal government, school board, school district, authority, special taxing district, other political subdivision, or any office, board, bureau, commission, department, branch, division, or institution thereof.

(6) “Municipality” means a municipality created pursuant to general or special law and metropolitan and consolidated governments as provided in s. 6(e) and (f), Art. VIII of the State Constitution.

(7) “Payment request” means a request for payment for construction services which conforms with all statutory requirements and all requirements specified by the local governmental entity to which the payment request is submitted. Such requirements must be included in the contract for the project for which payment is requested.

(8) “Proper invoice” means an invoice that conforms with all statutory requirements and all requirements specified by the local governmental entity to which the invoice is submitted. Such requirements must be included in the contract for the project for which the invoice is submitted.

(9) “Purchase” means the purchase of goods, services, or construction services; the purchase or lease of personal property; or the lease of real property by a local governmental entity.

(10) “Vendor” means any person who sells goods or services, sells or leases personal property, or leases real property directly to a local governmental entity. The term includes any person who provides waste hauling services to residents or businesses located within the boundaries of a local government pursuant to a contract or local ordinance.

281.73: Timely Payment for Nonconstruction Services

The time at which payment is due for a purchase other than construction services by a local governmental entity must be calculated from:

(1) The date on which a proper invoice is received by the chief disbursement officer of the local governmental entity after approval by the governing body, if required; or

(2) If a proper invoice is not received by the local governmental entity, the date:

(a) On which delivery of personal property is accepted by the local governmental entity;

(b) On which services are completed;

(c) On which the rental period begins; or

(d) On which the local governmental entity and vendor agree in a contract that provides dates relative to payment periods; whichever date is latest.

218.735: Timely Payment for Purchase of Construction Services

(1) The due date for payment for the purchase of construction services by a local governmental entity is determined as follows:

(a) If an agent must approve the payment request or invoice before the payment request or invoice is submitted to the local governmental entity, payment is due 25 business days after the date on which the payment request or invoice is stamped as received as provided in s. 218.74(1). The contractor may send the local government an overdue notice. If the payment request or invoice is not rejected within 4 business days after delivery of the overdue notice, the payment request or invoice shall be deemed accepted, except for any portion of the payment request or invoice that is fraudulent or misleading.

(b) If an agent need not approve the payment request or invoice submitted by the contractor, payment is due 20 business days after the date on which the payment request or invoice is stamped as received as provided in s. 218.74(1).
A local governmental entity shall identify the agent or employee of the local governmental entity, or the facility or office, to which the contractor may submit its payment request or invoice. This requirement shall be included in the contract between the local governmental entity and contractor, or shall be provided by the local governmental entity through a separate written notice, as required under the contract, no later than 10 days after the contract award or notice to proceed. A contractor’s submission of a payment request or invoice to the identified agent, employee, facility, or office of the local governmental entity shall be stamped as received as provided in s. 218.74(1) and shall commence the time periods for payment or rejection of a payment request or invoice as provided in this subsection and subsection (2).

(2) If a payment request or invoice does not meet the contract requirements, the local governmental entity must reject the payment request or invoice within 20 business days after the date on which the payment request or invoice is stamped as received as provided in s. 218.74(1). The rejection must be written and must specify the deficiency and the action necessary to make the payment request or invoice proper.

(3) If a payment request or an invoice is rejected under subsection (2) and the contractor submits a payment request or invoice that corrects the deficiency, the corrected payment request or invoice must be paid or rejected on the later of:

(a) Ten business days after the date the corrected payment request or invoice is stamped as received as provided in s. 218.74(1); or

(b) If the local governmental entity is required by ordinance, charter, or other law to approve or reject the corrected payment request or invoice, the first business day after the next regularly scheduled meeting of the local governmental entity held after the corrected payment request or invoice is stamped as received as provided in s. 218.74(1).

(4) If a dispute between the local governmental entity and the contractor cannot be resolved by the procedure in subsection (3), the dispute must be resolved in accordance with the dispute resolution procedure prescribed in the construction contract or in any applicable ordinance, which shall be referenced in the contract. In the absence of a prescribed procedure, the dispute must be resolved by the procedure specified in s. 218.76(2).

(5) If a local governmental entity disputes a portion of a payment request or an invoice, the undisputed portion shall be paid timely, in accordance with subsection (1).

(6) If a contractor receives payment from a local governmental entity for labor, services, or materials furnished by subcontractors and suppliers hired by the contractor, the contractor must remit payment due to those subcontractors and suppliers within 10 days after the contractor’s receipt of payment. If a subcontractor receives payment from a contractor for labor, services, or materials furnished by subcontractors and suppliers hired by the subcontractor, the subcontractor must remit payment due to those subcontractors and suppliers within 7 days after the subcontractor’s receipt of payment. This subsection does not prohibit a contractor or subcontractor from disputing, pursuant to the terms of the relevant contract, all or any portion of a payment alleged to be due to another party if the contractor or subcontractor notifies the party whose payment is disputed, in writing, of the amount in dispute and the actions required to cure the dispute. The contractor or subcontractor must pay all undisputed amounts due within the time limits imposed by this section.

(7) Each contract for construction services between a local governmental entity and a contractor must provide for the development of a single list of items required to render complete, satisfactory, and acceptable the construction services purchased by the local governmental entity.

(a) The contract must specify the process for developing the list, including the responsibilities of the local governmental entity and the contractor in developing and reviewing the list and a reasonable time for developing the list:

1. For construction projects having an estimated cost of Less than $10 million, within 30 calendar days after reaching substantial completion of the construction services purchased as defined in the contract, or, if not defined in the contract, upon reaching beneficial occupancy or use; or

2. For construction projects having an estimated cost of $10 million or more, within 30 calendar days, or, if extended by contract, up to 60 calendar days after reaching substantial completion of the construction services purchased as defined in the contract, or, if not defined in the contract, upon reaching beneficial occupancy or use.
The contract must also specify a date for the delivery of the list of items, not to exceed 5 days after the list of items has been developed and reviewed in accordance with the time periods set forth in subparagraphs 1. and 2.

(b) If the contract between the local governmental entity and the contractor relates to the purchase of construction services on more than one building or structure, or involves a multiphased project, the contract must provide for the development of a list of items required to render complete, satisfactory, and acceptable all the construction services purchased pursuant to the contract for each building, structure, or phase of the project within the time limitations provided in paragraph (a).

(c) The final contract completion date must be at least 30 days after the delivery of the list of items. If the list is not provided to the contractor by the agreed upon date for delivery of the list, the contract time for completion must be extended by the number of days the local governmental entity exceeded the delivery date. Damages may not be assessed against a contractor for failing to complete a project within the time required by the contract, unless the contractor failed to complete the project within the contract period as extended under this paragraph.

(d) The failure to include any corrective work or pending items not yet completed on the list does not alter the responsibility of the contractor to complete all the construction services purchased pursuant to the contract.

(e) Upon completion of all items on the list, the contractor may submit a payment request for all remaining retainage withheld by the local governmental entity pursuant to this section. If a good faith dispute exists as to whether one or more items identified on the list have been completed pursuant to the contract, the local governmental entity may continue to withhold up to 150 percent of the total costs to complete such items.

(f) All items that require correction under the contract and that are identified after the preparation and delivery of the list remain the obligation of the contractor as defined by the contract.

(g) Warranty items or items not included in the list of items required under paragraph (a) may not affect the final payment of retainage as provided in this section or as provided in the contract between the contractor and its subcontractors and suppliers.

(h) Retainage may not be held by a local governmental entity or a contractor to secure payment of insurance premiums under a consolidated insurance program or series of insurance policies issued to a local governmental entity or a contractor for a project or group of projects, and the final payment of retainage as provided in this section may not be delayed pending a final audit by the local governmental entity’s or contractor’s insurance provider.

(i) If a local governmental entity fails to comply with its responsibilities to develop the list required under paragraph (a) or paragraph (b) within the time limitations provided in paragraph (a), the contractor may submit a payment request for all remaining retainage withheld by the local governmental entity pursuant to this section; and payment of any remaining undisputed contract amount, less any amount withheld pursuant to the contract for incomplete or uncorrected work, must be paid within 20 business days after receipt of a proper invoice or payment request. If the local governmental entity has provided written notice to the contractor specifying the failure of the contractor to meet contract requirements in the development of the list of items to be completed, the local governmental entity need not pay or process any payment request for retainage if the contractor has, in whole or in part, failed to cooperate with the local governmental entity in the development of the list or to perform its contractual responsibilities, if any, with regard to the development of the list or if paragraph (8)(f) applies.

(8)(a) With regard to any contract for construction services, a local governmental entity may withhold from each progress payment made to the contractor an amount not exceeding 10 percent of the payment as retainage until 50-percent completion of such services.

(b) After 50-percent completion of the construction services purchased pursuant to the contract, the local governmental entity must reduce to 5 percent the amount of retainage withheld from each subsequent progress payment made to the contractor. For purposes of this subsection, the term “50-percent completion” has the meaning set forth in the contract between the local governmental entity and the contractor or, if not defined in the contract, the point at which the local governmental entity has expended 50 percent of the total cost of the construction services purchased as identified in the contract together with all costs associated with existing change orders and other additions or modifications to the construction services provided for in the contract. However, notwithstanding this subsection, a municipality having a population of 25,000 or fewer, or a county having a population of 100,000 or fewer, may withhold retainage in an amount not exceeding 10 percent of each progress payment made to the contractor until final completion and acceptance of the project by the local governmental entity.

(c) After 50-percent completion of the construction services purchased pursuant to the contract, the contractor may elect to withhold retainage from payments to its subcontractors at a rate higher than 5 percent. The specific amount to be withheld must be determined on a case-by-case basis and must be based on the contractor’s assessment of the subcontractor’s past performance, the likelihood that such performance will continue, and the contractor’s ability to rely on other safeguards. The contractor shall notify the subcontractor, in writing, of its determination to withhold more than 5 percent of the progress payment and the reasons for making that determination, and the contractor may not request the release of such retained funds from the local governmental entity.

(d) After 50-percent completion of the construction services purchased pursuant to the contract, the contractor may present to the local governmental entity a payment request for up to one-half of the retainage held by the local governmental entity. The local governmental entity shall promptly make payment to the contractor, unless the local governmental entity has grounds, pursuant to paragraph (f), for withholding the payment of retainage. If the local governmental entity makes payment of retainage to the contractor under this paragraph which is attributable to the labor, services, or materials supplied by one or more subcontractors or suppliers, the contractor shall timely remit payment of such retainage to those subcontractors and suppliers.

(e) This section does not prohibit a local governmental entity from withholding retainage at a rate less than 10 percent of each progress payment, from incrementally reducing the rate of retainage pursuant to a schedule provided for in the contract, or from releasing at any point all or a portion of any retainage withheld by the local governmental entity which is attributable to the labor, services, or materials supplied by the contractor or by one or more subcontractors or suppliers. If a local governmental entity makes any payment of retainage to the contractor which is attributable to the labor, services, or materials supplied by one or more subcontractors or suppliers, the contractor shall timely remit payment of such retainage to those subcontractors and suppliers.

(f) This section does not require the local governmental entity to pay or release any amounts that are the subject of a good faith dispute, the subject of a claim brought pursuant to s. 255.05, or otherwise the subject of a claim or demand by the local governmental entity or contractor.

(g) The time limitations set forth in this section for payment of payment requests apply to any payment request for retainage made pursuant to this section.

(h) Paragraphs (a)-(d) do not apply to construction services purchased by a local governmental entity which are paid for, in whole or in part, with federal funds and are subject to federal grantor laws and regulations or requirements that are contrary to any provision of the Local Government Prompt Payment Act.

(i) This subsection does not apply to any construction services purchased by a local governmental entity if the total cost of the construction services purchased as identified in the contract is $200,000 or less.

(9) All payments due under this section and not made within the time periods specified by this section shall bear interest at the rate of 1 percent per month, or the rate specified by contract, whichever is greater.

218.74: Procedure for Calculation of Payment Due Dates

(1) Each local governmental entity shall establish procedures whereby each payment request or invoice received by the local governmental entity is marked as received on the date on which it is delivered to an agent or employee of the local governmental entity or of a facility or office of the local governmental entity.

(2) The payment due date for a local governmental entity for the purchase of goods or services other than construction services is 45 days after the date specified in s. 218.73. The payment due date for the purchase of construction services is specified in s. 218.735.

(3) If the terms under which a purchase is made allow for partial deliveries and a payment request or proper invoice is submitted for a partial delivery, the time for payment for the partial delivery must be calculated from the time of the partial delivery and the submission of the payment request or invoice in the same manner as provided in s. 218.73 or s. 218.735.

(4) All payments, other than payments for construction services, due from a local governmental entity and not made within the time specified by this section bear interest from 30 days after the due date at the rate of 1 percent per month on the unpaid balance. The vendor must invoice the local governmental entity for any interest accrued in order to receive the interest payment. Any overdue period of less than 1 month is considered as 1 month in computing interest. Unpaid interest is compounded monthly. For the purposes of this section, the term “1 month” means a period beginning on any day of one month and ending on the same day of the following month.

218.75: Mandatory Interest

No contract between a local governmental entity and a vendor or a provider of construction services shall prohibit the collection of late payment interest charges allowable under this part.

218.76 Improper Payment Request or Invoice: Resolution of Disputes

(1) If an improper payment request or invoice is submitted by a vendor, the local governmental entity shall, within 10 days after the improper payment request or invoice is received, notify the vendor, in writing, that the payment request or invoice is improper and indicate what corrective action on the part of the vendor is needed to make the payment request or invoice proper.

(2)(a) If a dispute arises between a vendor and a local governmental entity concerning payment of a payment request or invoice, the dispute shall be finally determined by the local governmental entity pursuant to a dispute resolution procedure established by the local governmental entity. Such procedure must provide that proceedings to resolve the dispute are commenced within 45 days after the date the payment request or proper invoice was received by the local governmental entity and concluded by final decision of the local governmental entity within 60 days after the date the payment request or proper invoice was received by the local governmental entity. Such procedures are not subject to chapter 120 and do not constitute an administrative proceeding that prohibits a court from deciding de novo any action arising out of the dispute. If the dispute is resolved in favor of the local governmental entity, interest charges begin to accrue 15 days after the local governmental entity’s final decision. If the dispute is resolved in favor of the vendor, interest begins to accrue as of the original date the payment became due.

(b) If the local governmental entity does not commence the dispute resolution procedure within the time required, a contractor may give written notice to the local governmental entity of the failure to timely commence its dispute resolution procedure. If the local governmental entity fails to commence the dispute resolution procedure within 4 business days after such notice, any amounts resolved in the contractor’s favor shall bear mandatory interest, as set forth in s. 218.735(9), from the date the payment request or invoice containing the disputed amounts was submitted to the local governmental entity. If the dispute resolution procedure is not commenced within 4 business days after the notice, the objection to the payment request or invoice shall be deemed waived. The waiver of an objection pursuant to this paragraph does not relieve a contractor of its contractual obligations.

(3) In an action to recover amounts due under this part, the court shall award court costs and reasonable attorney’s fees, including fees incurred through appeal, to the prevailing party.

218.77: Payment by Federal Funds

A local governmental entity which intends to pay for a purchase with federal funds shall not make such purchase without reasonable assurance that federal funds to cover the cost thereof will be received. Where payment or the time of payment is contingent on receipt of federal funds or federal approval, any contract and any solicitation to bid shall clearly state such contingency.

218.78: Report of Interest

If the total amount of interest paid during the preceding fiscal year exceeds $250, each local governmental entity shall, during December of each year, report to the board of county commissioners or the municipal governing body the number of interest payments made by it during the preceding fiscal year and the total amount of such payments made under this part.

218.79: Repeal of Conflicting Laws

All laws and parts of laws in conflict with this part are repealed.

218.80: Public Bid Disclosure Act

(1) This section may be cited as the “Public Bid Disclosure Act.”

(2) It is the intent of the Legislature that a local governmental entity shall disclose all of the local governmental entity’s permits or fees, including, but not limited to, all license fees, permit fees, impact fees, or inspection fees, payable by the contractor to the unit of government that issued the bidding documents or other request for proposal, unless such permits or fees are disclosed in the bidding documents or other request for proposal for the project at the time the project was let for bid. It is further the intent of the Legislature to prohibit local governments from halting construction to collect any undisclosed permits or fees which were not disclosed or included in the bidding documents or other request for proposal for the project at the time the project was let for bid.

(3) Bidding documents or other request for proposal issued for bids by a local governmental entity, or any public contract entered into between a local governmental entity and a contractor shall disclose each permit or fee which the contractor will have to pay before or during construction and shall include the dollar amount or the percentage method or the unit method of all permits or fees which may be required by the local government as a part of the contract. If the request for proposal does not require the response to include a final fixed price, the local governmental entity is not required to disclose any fees or assessments in the request for proposal. However, at least 10 days prior to requiring the contractor to submit a final fixed price for the project, the local governmental entity shall make the disclosures required in this section. Any of the local governmental entity’s permits or fees which are not disclosed in the bidding documents, other request for proposal, or a contract between a local government and a contractor shall not be assessed or collected after the contract is let. No local government shall halt construction under any public contract or delay completion of the contract in order to collect any permits or fees which were not provided for or specified in the bidding documents, other request for proposal, or the contract.

(4) This section does not require disclosure in the bidding documents of any permits or fees imposed as a result of a change order or a modification to the contract. The local government shall disclose all permits or fees imposed as a result of a change order or a modification to the contract prior to the date the contractor is required to submit a price for the change order or modification.

337.141: Payment on Construction or Maintenance Contracts

(1) As used in this section, the terms “dispute” or “pending claim” refer to a dispute or pending claim between the prime contractor and the department.

(2) Each contract for construction or maintenance entered into pursuant to this chapter shall provide for final payment within 75 days of final field acceptance, provided all documents which are required by the contract from the contractor, with the exception of the acceptance letter and a consent by the contractor’s surety for release of payment of the retained percentage and final estimate to the contractor, are received within 30 days of final field acceptance. If the contractor fails to provide the documents within 30 days after final field acceptance, payment shall be made within 45 days of receipt by the department of such documents. The department shall notify the contractor within 20 days of receipt of the documents which are required for payment if such documents are incomplete and shall specifically list for the contractor which documents have not been submitted. Should the department fail to notify the contractor within 20 days, regardless of completeness of the documents, the time required for payment shall begin. The period of time from the offer of final payment to the receipt by the department of the acceptance letter and surety’s consent shall not count as part of the 75-day or 45-day time periods. Final payment shall not be so made as to any amount which is in dispute or the subject of a pending claim, but shall be so made as to that portion of a contract or those amounts which are not in dispute or the subject of a pending claim. However, such partial payment shall not constitute any bar, admission, or estoppel or have any other effect as to those payments that are in dispute or the subject of a pending claim. No payment may be made to a construction or maintenance contractor until the department has on file proof, in the form of a notarized affidavit from the contractor, that all motor vehicles that he or she operates in this state are registered in compliance with chapter 320.

(3) For each day after 75 days, or 30 days after settlement of a claim, the department shall pay to the contractor interest at the rate set forth in s. 55.03.

(4) If a contractor fails to submit all documents required for final payment within 2 years after final acceptance of the work or within 1 year after the offer by the department of final payment, whichever occurs later, any amount owed as final payment shall be considered to be forfeited. The forfeiture will not apply to documents that are the subject of existing claims or pending legal proceedings. Written notice shall be given by the department at least 60 days prior to forfeiture.