Nevada Bond Claim Guide and FAQs

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Nevada Bond Claim Overview

Nevada

Preliminary Notice Deadlines
None / not applicable.

Nevada

Bond Claim Deadlines
None / not applicable.

Nevada

Preliminary Notice Deadlines
30 Days

If you did not contract with the prime contractor, must serve a preliminary notice upon the prime contractor within 30 days of first furnishing labor and/or materials to the project.

Nevada

Bond Claim Deadlines
90 Days

If you did not contract with the prime contractor, must serve a written notice of claim to the prime contractor within 90 days of last furnishing labor and/or materials to the project. Lawsuit must be brought by any claimants against the project's bond within 1 year of last furnishing labor and/or materials.

Nevada

Preliminary Notice Deadlines
30 Days

If you did not contract with the prime contractor, must serve a preliminary notice upon the prime contractor within 30 days of first furnishing labor and/or materials to the project.

Nevada

Bond Claim Deadlines
90 Days

If you did not contract with the prime contractor, must serve a written notice of claim to the prime contractor within 90 days of last furnishing labor and/or materials to the project. Lawsuit must be brought by any claimants against the project's bond within 1 year of last furnishing labor and/or materials.

Nevada Bond Claim FAQs

Claim FAQs

Who is protected under Nevada Bond Claim Laws?

In Nevada, first and second-tier subcontractors, laborers, material suppliers, equipment lessors, architects, and employee benefit trust funds have the right to make a claim on a bond provided the labor and/or material furnished was in excess of $500. No party more remote than the second-tier is entitled to protection. Further, if the claimant is required to be licensed to perform their work, that party must be licensed in order to make a claim on the bond.

Note that while the general protection provided is the ability to make a claim on the bond, if the property/improvement is used for a private or nongovernmental purpose, the property may be liened just as a private project. In this case, the same requirements apply as a regular mechanic’s lien.

When is the deadline to file a Nevada Bond Claim?

On all projects except highway construction, the bond claim must be received by the general contractor within 90 days after the claimant last furnished labor and/or materials to the project. While Nevada statutes specifically apply this rule only to parties without a direct contract with the general contractor supplying the bond, it is unclear if the courts apply this deadline to all claimants, or only to parties without a contractual relationship with the prime contractor.

On highway construction projects, the bond claim must be filed with the Department of Transportation within 30 days of the final acceptance of the contract.

Who should receive the Nevada Bond Claim?

On all projects except highway construction, the only party required to receive the bond claim is the general contractor. It may be best practice to also send notice of the bond claim to the surety, as well, if known.

On highway projects, the bond claim must be sent to the Department of Transportation. It is unclear if the bond claim must also be sent to the general contractor and the surety, but it likely advisable to send the claim to these parties, as well.

When is the deadline to initiate suit, or, how long is my Nevada Bond Claim effective?

Not less than 90 days and not more than 1 year after the last date materials/ labor furnished.

What must the Nevada Bond Claim include?

On all projects except highway construction, the only information specifically required is the amount claimed and the name of the person for whom the work was performed or material supplied. However, it may be best practice to also include some identification of the project, and a description of the labor and or material furnished.

On highway construction projects, the bond claim must include a statement that the claimant’s claim against the contractor or subcontractor has not been paid, and must be executed and verified before a notary public.

What are the Lien Waiver Rules?

Nevada statutorily mandates that all parties on a construction project use certain legislatively designed construction lien waiver forms. This state is one of only 11 states that requires this. If a contractor or owner asks you to use a lien waiver form that does not conform to the statutory form, the waiver will be invalid, and the contractor could get in legal trouble. See this article: The 11 States with Statutory Lien Waiver Forms.

Also, Nevada state law prohibits contractors and suppliers from waiving their right to file a mechanics lien in contract. You can learn more about the prohibition of such “no lien clauses” at this article: Where Can You Waive Your Lien Rights Before Payment?

Can suppliers to suppliers file Bond Claims?

No, suppliers to suppliers likely cannot file a bond claim in Nevada.

How must the Nevada Bond Claim be sent?

In Nevada, the bond claim must be sent by registered or certified mail.

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Nevada Bond Claim Statute FAQs

When you perform work on a state construction project in Nevada, and are not paid, you can file a “lien” against the project pursuant to Nevada’s Little Miller Act. Since the claim is not against the state or county’s actual property, but instead against a posted bond, the claim is not really called a “lien” but is more frequently referred to as a “bond claim” or “little miller act claim.”

Nevada’s Little Miller Act is found in Nevada Revised Statutes Title 28, Chapter 339, and is reproduced below.

Nevada Little Miller Act

NRS 339.015 Definitions.

As used in this chapter:

1.   “Claimant” includes a natural person, firm, partnership, association or corporation.

2.   “Contracting body” means the State, county, city, town, school district, or any public agency of the State or its political subdivisions which has authority to contract for the construction, alteration or repair of any public building or other public work or public improvement.

NRS 339.025 Performance and payment bonds: Amount; conditions; filing with contracting body.

1.  Before any contract, except one subject to the provisions of chapter 408 of NRS, exceeding $100,000 for any project for the new construction, repair or reconstruction of any public building or other public work or public improvement of any contracting body is awarded to any contractor, he shall furnish to the contracting body the following bonds which become binding upon the award of the contract to the contractor:

(a)  A performance bond in an amount to be fixed by the contracting body, but not less than 50 percent of the contract amount, conditioned upon the faithful performance of the contract in accordance with the plans, specifications and conditions of the contract. The bond must be solely for the protection of the contracting body which awarded the contract.

(b)  A payment bond in an amount to be fixed by the contracting body, but not less than 50 percent of the contract amount. The bond must be solely for the protection of claimants supplying labor or materials to the contractor to whom the contract was awarded, or to any of his subcontractors, in the prosecution of the work provided for in such contract.

2.  If a general contractor has been awarded a contract, except one subject to the provisions of chapter 408 of NRS, by the State Public Works Board for any project for new construction, repair or reconstruction of any public building or other public work or public improvement, each of his subcontractors who will perform work on the contract that exceeds $50,000 or 1 percent of the proposed project, whichever amount is greater, shall furnish a bond to the Board in an amount to be fixed by the Board.

3.  Each of the bonds required pursuant to this section must be executed by one or more surety companies authorized to do business in the State of Nevada. If the contracting body is the State of Nevada or any officer, employee, board, bureau, commission, department, agency or institution thereof, the bonds must be payable to the State of Nevada. If the contracting body is other than one of those enumerated in this subsection, the bonds must be payable to the other contracting body.

4.  Each of the bonds must be filed in the office of the contracting body which awarded the contract for which the bonds were given.

5.  This section does not prohibit a contracting body from requiring bonds.

NRS 339.035 Actions on payment bonds by claimants.

1.  Subject to the provisions of subsection 2, any claimant who has performed labor or furnished material in the prosecution of the work provided for in any contract for which a payment bond has been given pursuant to the provisions of subsection 1 of NRS 339.025, and who has not been paid in full before the expiration of 90 days after the date on which he performed the last of such labor or furnished the last of such materials for which he claims payment, may bring an action on such payment bond in his own name to recover any amount due him for such labor or material, and may prosecute such action to final judgment and have execution on the judgment.

2.  Any claimant who has a direct contractual relationship with any subcontractor of the contractor who gave such payment bond, but no contractual relationship, express or implied, with such contractor, may bring an action on the payment bond only:

(a)  If he has, within 30 days after furnishing the first of such materials or performing the first of such labor, served on the contractor a written notice which shall inform the latter of the nature of the materials being furnished or to be furnished, or the labor performed or to be performed, and identifying the person contracting for such labor or materials and the site for the performance of such labor or materials; and

(b)  After giving written notice to such contractor within 90 days from the date on which the claimant performed the last of the labor or furnished the last of the materials for which he claims payment. Each written notice shall state with substantial accuracy the amount claimed and the name of the person for whom the work was performed or the material supplied, and shall be served by being sent by registered or certified mail, postage prepaid, in an envelope addressed to such contractor at any place in which he maintains an office or conducts business, or at his residence.

NRS 339.045 Certified copies of payment bonds and contracts to be furnished applicant by contracting body; fee; copies as prima facie evidence.

1.  The contracting body shall furnish a certified copy of any payment bond and the contract for which such bond was given to any person who makes an application for such copy and who submits an affidavit stating that:

(a)  He has supplied labor or material for the completion of the work provided for in the contract, and that he has not been fully paid for such labor or material;

(b)  He is the defendant in an action brought on a payment bond; or

(c)  He is surety in a payment bond on which an action has been brought.

2.  Every such applicant shall pay for each certified copy a fee fixed by the contracting body to cover the actual cost of the preparation of such copy.

3.  A certified copy of any payment bond and of the contract for which such bond was given shall constitute prima facie evidence of the contents, execution and delivery of the original of such bond and contract.

NRS 339.055 Actions on payment bonds: Venue; limitation of actions.

1.  Every action on a payment bond as provided in NRS 339.035 shall be brought in the appropriate court of the political subdivision where the contract for which the bond was given was to be performed.

2.  No such action may be commenced after the expiration of 1 year from the date on which the claimant performed the last of the labor or furnished the last of the materials for the payment of which such action is brought.

NRS 339.065 Requirement that bonds be furnished by particular surety company or through particular agent or broker unlawful; penalty.

1.  It is unlawful for any representative of a contracting body, in issuing an invitation for bids, to require that any bond specified in NRS 339.025 be furnished by a particular surety company or through a particular agent or broker.

2.  Any person who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.

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