Construction is a risky business. Everyone who works on a project or has a stake in the property has a financial investment in the success of the job. To mitigate the risk of loss, there are a variety of types of insurance available to protect construction companies, property owners, and other stakeholders from losses incurred during a building project or in the regular course of business. While some types of insurance are common in other industries, many policies are created to mitigate risks that are specific to the construction industry. Below, we’ll cover the most common types of insurance in construction and what each policy covers.
What is construction insurance?
Construction insurance is a category of insurance policies that provide coverage for contractors, property owners, and projects under construction. Different types of policies are used to protect businesses and owners from specific risks or losses.
9 Common Types of Construction Insurance
While there are a variety of insurance policies available under this category, these are the nine types of insurance that are most commonly used in the construction industry.
1. Builders Risk Insurance
Builder’s risk insurance (also called course of construction insurance) is property insurance that protects buildings while they are under construction, either during a remodel or new construction. It helps mitigate the risk of certain damages while a project is in the construction process. It can be purchased by the project owner or general contractor and covers all parties on the project.
2. General Liability Insurance
Contractor general liability insurance covers claims of property damage or bodily injury caused by a contractor or their workers. It also protects a contractor from legal fees if a customer files a lawsuit alleging property damage or bodily injury, and it pays any fees for defense from allegations of slander or libel.
In many states, contractors are required to hold a certain amount of general liability coverage in order to get a contractors license.
3. Errors & Omissions/Professional Liability Insurance
Errors and omissions insurance (E&O) helps cover a contractor or design firm if they make a mistake in their professional services. This coverage is also known as professional liability or professional indemnity insurance. Contractors that also provide in-house design services will want to make sure they have this type of coverage.
4. Inland Marine Insurance
Inland marine insurance is a type of business insurance that covers materials, tools, and equipment while they are in transit to and from a jobsite. This coverage is meant to help protect business property that is movable or used for transportation purposes.
While a builders risk policy covers equipment and materials at the jobsite, inland marine insurance is used to extend that coverage to business property while it’s on the road.
5. Commercial Auto Insurance
A commercial auto insurance policy covers company-owned vehicles and equipment from damages from motor vehicle accidents, theft, and vandalism. This type of coverage is required in every state when the company purchases a vehicle for employee or owner use.
6. Workers Compensation Insurance
Workers compensation insurance protects contractors against losses caused by work-related accidents or illnesses. It also provides the employee with benefits to compensate for lost work and wages.
In most states, workers compensation coverage is required for businesses with more than a certain number of employees. (The actual number varies by state.) Many states allow contractors to operate a “self-insured” plan, as long as they meet the state requirements and obtain approval.
Some states operate a state insurance fund from which contractors can purchase workers compensation coverage. While state-operated funds can be more expensive than commercial providers, they can be a viable option for contractors who can’t find coverage elsewhere.
7. Pollution Liability Insurance
Pollution liability insurance policies cover claims for bodily injury and property damage caused by hazardous waste or materials released during a company’s business operations. Contractors that frequently work with or dispose of hazardous waste often need this type of coverage.
This type of insurance covers contractors while working on a job and once the project is complete. In other words, if there is a problem with hazardous waste materials after the job is finished, this policy protects the contractor from liability issues.
8. Subcontractor Default Insurance
Subcontractor default insurance (SDI) protects a contractor in the event one of their subs fails to perform according to their agreement. Contractors may purchase it as an alternative to a performance bond, or to provide additional protection beyond what a surety bond covers.
On large commercial or public projects, general contractors are often responsible for managing dozens or hundreds of subcontractors and sub-subs. The larger the project, the greater the risk that one or multiple subs will fail to complete their work on time or according to the specifications.
9. Wrap Insurance (OCIP/CCIP)
Wrap insurance (also known as a “wrap-up”) provides liability coverage for an entire construction project or multiple jobs. Because it covers everyone on the job, contractors and subs may not need to provide their own general liability coverage. The policy can be written to include both general liability and workers compensation coverage (known as “bi-line”), though GL-only policies are becoming increasingly common.
A wrap policy is typically purchased as an OCIP or CCIP. An OCIP is purchased by the owner, while a CCIP is purchased by the general contractor; regardless of who purchases the policy, both generally provide the same coverage.
Reducing risk in construction
Insurance coverage is available for nearly any type of risk in the construction industry. While some policies are required by the state or for particular types of projects, others can be tailored to mitigate specific risks faced by a contractor. Buying insurance can be expensive, especially for small companies, but it can quickly pay for itself with the first claim.
Are you a subcontractor? Learn more with 7 Insurance Policies Subs Should Consider for Their Business.